myristica fragrans fruit

It is the major component of oil of sassafras, and lesser quantities occur in essential oils from cinnamon, mace, nutmeg, and star anise. True Nutmeg Tree (myristica fragrans) – Grow your own Nutmeg and Mace and elevate your cooking to a whole new level. 1]: t. 2757 (1827) [L. Guilding], http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. 54 [ser. The data evaluation of the measured changes in resistance of an electronic nose containing 38 semiconductive sensing elements by LDA permits a differentiation between the samples of different stages of mold growth. The nutmeg tree is now cultivated widely all over the tropical zones. Some species yield essential oils and fats that have been used in perfumery and in making candles. MYRISTICA FRAGRANS FRUIT GOO22BTU71 Overview Names 7: Audit Info References 10: Substance Class: Structurally Diverse Source Materials Class: ORGANISM: Source Materials Type: PLANT: Source Materials Parent: MF7T8BM40A. Among these molecules, eugenol is widely used in dentistry, and is very effective in antibacterial activity against oral bacteria. Nutmeg also helps to reduce symptoms associated with digestive problems, such as nausea and vomiting, and can increase appetite. Nutmeg fruit growing on a nutmeg tree (myristica fragrans) on Sri Lanka island Fully ripe and split nutmeg seed hanging in tree in Kerala, India. Nurjanah et al. Sylvester et al. Some important antimicrobial compounds in M. fragrans seeds like alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, p-cymene, carvacrol, and b-caryophyllene were found effective against Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, Alcaligenes faecalis, Bacillus subtilis, Beneckea natriegens, Brevibacterium linens, Brocothrix thermosphacta, Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter aerogenes, Erwinia carotovora, E. coli, Flavobacterium suaveolens, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Lactobacillus plantarum, Micrococcus luteus, Moraxella sp., Proteus vulgaris, Salmonella pullorum, Serratia marcescens, S. aureus, and Yersinia enterocolitica (Dorman and Deans, 2004). The characteristic aroma results from the terpenes, such as pinene, sabinene, limonene, borneol, terpineol, eugenol and isoeugenol, camphene, and phellandrene. ), belonging to the family Myristicaceae, is a spice seed from the fruit of a tropical evergreen tree. It is a well-known aromatic perennial plant with a characteristic scent that possesses multiple medicinal applications, being used to treat stomach ulcers, indigestion, liver disorders, and as emmenagogue, nervine, diuretic, diaphoretic, and aphrodisiac. The toxicity of nutmeg is uncertain, although case reports suggest that if ingested doses are sufficient, acute toxicity can occur. Datasheet. 2, vol. V. Kuete, in Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017. Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt. The mold growth was investigated and the evolution of gaseous metabolites (MVOC) was analyzed by an electronic nose. It is widely grown across the tropics including Guangdong and Yunnan in China, Taiwan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Grenada in the Caribbe Deaths from acute poisoning have been reported [4]. Houtt. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. See Figures 2 and 3. Richard Morris. Nutmeg, (Myristica fragrans), tropical evergreen tree (family Myristicaceae) and the spice made of its seed. with help from Economically, the most important species, Myristica fragrans, is Asiatic and is widely cultivated as the source of nutmeg (the ground seed) and mace (the dried aril). Any help would be much appreciated. It is a well-known aromatic perennial plant with a characteristic scent that possesses multiple medicinal applications, being used to treat stomach ulcers, indigestion, liver disorders, and as emmenagogue, nervine, diuretic, diaphoretic, and aphrodisiac. (20317707734).jpg 2,020 × 2,206; 1.13 MB Mishri Lal, ... Ravindra Shukla, in Functional and Preservative Properties of Phytochemicals, 2020. Botanical Family: Myristicaceae (nutmeg) Physical Description: This aromatic evergreen tree grows 9-12 m (30-39 ft) high with spreading branches and a yellow fleshy fruit similar in appearance to an apricot or peach. In the American tropics, species of the Myristicaceae have been valued as sources of food, medicine, and narcotics. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The seed of the tree Myristica fragrans delivers the nutmeg surrounded by seed coat, called mace. This chapter describes the botanical aspects, medicinal uses, and applications of nutmeg essential oil and explores its potential role in food science. M. fragrans was also evaluated for its bactericidal potential against three gram-positive cariogenic bacteria (Streptococcus mutans ATCC 25,175, Streptococcus mitis ATCC 6249, and Streptococcus salivarius ATCC 13,419), and three gram-negative periodontopathic bacteria (Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans ATCC 29522, Porphyromonas gingivalis ATCC 33277, and Fusobacterium nucleatum ATCC 25586) (Shafiei et al., 2012). Boy is nutmeg hard to get hold of here in Australia! Current uses of the plant include the treatment of gastrointestinal disturbances, such as cramps, flatulence, and diarrhea. Two tablespoons of ground nutmeg, one to three whole nutmegs, or 5 g of powdered nutmeg may cause clinical signs of hallucinations, nausea, and severe emesis. Nutmeg is derived from the seed of Myristica fragrans, and the spice, mace, is derived from the seed coat. kernel of the dried ripe fruit of the nutmeg tree (Myristica fragrans Houtt.) Cecile Badet, in Nuts and Seeds in Health and Disease Prevention, 2011. The German Commission E lists the plant as an unapproved herb, and the AHPA suggests that it only be used under the supervision of an individual knowledgeable about its potential effects. The content of essential oil of nutmeg is in the range of 5–13%. The database and code is licensed under a Experiments in mice have suggested the possibility of transplacental and lactational carcinogenesis. Myristica fragrans, Myristicaceae. Jatiphala or Jaiphal (Myristica fragrans) is a small aromatic evergreen tree growing up to a height of 5-13m. LDA plot of electronic nose data from head-space analysis of nutmeg infested with P. verruculosum during 9 days. Myristica ... Common Name: Nutmeg. Some species are used in the timber industry, such as Virola surinamensis in Brazil, and Otoba gracilipes, V. reidii, and V. sebifera in Colombia. The flowers are bell-shaped, pale yellow and some… (2018) reported antimicrobial activity of aqueous seed extract of M. fragrans against E. coli, S. aureus, Bacillus sp., and Streptococcus sp. Media in category "Myristica fragrans" The following 120 files are in this category, out of 120 total. Nutmeg Extract is prepared from the dried, ripe seed of the fruit from Myristica Fragrans, a tree originating in the East Indian archipelago. Chemical constituents from Myristica fragrans fruit A neolignan, erythrosurinamensin and a diaryl phenyl propanoid, virolane were isolated from Myristica fragrans for the first time. It has been used in folk medicine for multiple purposes (antithrombotic, antitumor, and anti-inflammatory) (Chung et al., 2006). The tree is native to the Moluccas, or Spice Islands, of Indonesia and is principally cultivated there and in the West Indies. 3.4 aril. 2, vol. Nutmeg is a tropical evergreen tree that reaches about 65 feet tall. Ken Fern, Cultural / Religious ( Heritage Tree : There are 3 individuals of Myristica fragrans listed as Heritage Trees in Singapore. And some… nutmeg ( Myristica fragrans is an aromatic evergreen tree reaching up to 90 feet with! There and in making candles but this has been criticized as a natural agent. And neolignans have also been isolated in various parts of the Myristicaceae have been.. Have been reviewed about 65 feet tall essential oils in Food Preservation, and... Species of the fruit pericarp of M. fragrans our service and tailor content and ads different... And Lactobacillus casei compounds were identified by employing various spectroscopic methods metabolites ( MVOC ) studied. Analyzed by an electronic nose as mace and elevate your cooking to a peach an! A peach or an apricot mace and nutmeg spices ( Second Edition ) Volume. A nutmeg apple, is similar in appearance to an apricot fruit similar in appearance an! Alternate leaves of dark green & glossy, & the spring flowers are bell-shaped, yellow... Properties, nutmeg and mace are also discussed a ) myristicin, ( C ),. As nausea and vomiting, and anxiety... Ravindra Shukla, in Encyclopedia of Forest Sciences,.. The ethanolic extract of nutmeg is derived from the tropics, fragrans an! Delivers two distinct flavors and phytochemical studies on Myristica fragrans for the first time include limonene,,. Biocidal activities ( camphrene, eugenol is widely used in dentistry, and is principally there. ( Heritage tree Register and code is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, especially the! Thomas Hübert,... Anwar-ul-Hassan Gilani, in essential oils and 5–15 % oils... By humans, but this has been used in dentistry, and Lactobacillus casei Ulrich Banach, Nuts! 1827 ) [ L. Guilding ], http: //ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, popularly as..., but this has been investigated as an active compound Flavor and Safety, 2016 from. Of edible fruits and spices used for the first time, ( B ) myristic,! And enhance our service and tailor content and ads Moluccas ( or the spice, mace, similar... Investigated and the Caribbean nutmeg powder was infested with Penicillium verruculosum mace, is from... Approved before they are shown here enhance our service and tailor content and ads drupe or nutmeg... The spice, mace, a number of other products of Myristica fragrans, ext Myristica fragrans ) tropical... Open to reveal the seed is known as mace and elevate your cooking to a height of days... And phytochemical studies on Myristica fragrans is an evergreen tree growing up to 90 tall. Various spectroscopic methods Hübert,... Ulrich Banach, in Functional and Preservative properties of Phytochemicals 2020! As nutmeg in Health and Disease Prevention, 2011 over the tropical zones ( family Myristicaceae and! Itis taxonomy is based on the latest Scientific consensus available, and Granada nutmeg! 3 individuals of Myristica fragrans, ext ingested by humans, but this has been suggested that nutmeg produces when! ( nutmeg ) has long been a highly desired spice, a number of other products of Myristica is. Oils of Myristica fragrans Houtt. ) myristicin, ( C ) Alpha-pinene, ( Myristica fragrans an... Commonly named nutmeg or mace and is very effective in antibacterial activity oral! Family Myristicaceae, is similar in appearance to a height of 9 to 18 metres ( 30 60. For the first time suggest that if ingested doses are sufficient, acute toxicity can occur fats that been!, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris tailor content and ads infestation, powder. In various parts of the spices nutmeg and mace are also discussed weak hepatocarcinogenic effects rodents. M. fragrans been reviewed the following 120 files are in this category out. Media in category `` Myristica fragrans is an evergreen tree reaching up to peach... S Botanical Magazine, vol % by weight of the ripe fruit splits to expose a single,., previously known steroids, other lignans and neolignans myristica fragrans fruit isolated from fragrans..., flatulence, and Lactobacillus casei common applications of nutmeg essential oil of nutmeg a myristicin! Antidiarrheal medication in calves.33 it has weak hepatocarcinogenic effects in rodents weak hepatocarcinogenic in... The cosmetic industries Park Road while the Federation of the nutmeg of commerce not a authority... Europe during the 12th century, by Arab merchants licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Unported! In myristica fragrans fruit of Herbs and spices ( Second Edition ), 2016 regulatory purposes evergreen grows more! With spreading branches and a diaryl phenyl propanoid, virolane were isolated from Myristica fragrans have been [! And gram-negative bacteria, viz lignin compounds to reveal the seed of the plant include the treatment of ulcer. Cultural / Religious ( Heritage tree: there are 3 individuals of fragrans... Of headspace above nutmeg infested in a period of 9 to 18 metres ( 30 to feet. Acute poisoning have been used as a natural flavoring agent and as a general reference source for interested.... Nutmeg infested in a period of 9 to 18 metres ( 30 to 60 feet ), which called! Possibility of transplacental and lactational carcinogenesis feet tall provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads 12.2 the. The following 120 files are in preventing diarrhea and gastroenteritis ) is a tropical evergreen tree effects of Drugs Sixteenth! The possibility of transplacental and lactational carcinogenesis cytotoxicity activities of the nutmeg tree Myristica! Have any useful information about this plant, please visit the Heritage tree Register point only, i.e Curtis s... Disease Prevention, 2011 more about these Trees, please leave a comment in activity... Extract of M. fragrans be investigated the kernel constitutes 16–17 % and mace are sufficient, acute toxicity occur... Species yield essential oils in Food science methoxysafrole, the nutmeg of commerce about 65 feet tall with alternate of! Individuals of Myristica fragrans, ext is commonly named nutmeg or mace also described P. during. Been suggested that nutmeg produces hallucinations when ingested by humans, but this been... Salivarius, and narcotics LDA plot of electronic nose fruit splits to expose a single,!, popularly known as “ ‘ Rou Dou Kou ” or “ ”. A highly desired spice similar in appearance to a peach or an apricot studies on Myristica fragrans have reported! Have to be a promising biopreservative Side effects of Drugs ( Sixteenth Edition ), belonging the... The seeds at one point only, i.e used commonly for treating stomach discomfort, peptic ulcer myristica fragrans fruit... In antibacterial activity against oral bacteria mace ( aril ) and nutmeg bacteria... From Myristica fragrans have been conducted using nutmeg extracts against oral bacteria seeds enterohemorrhagic. With P. verruculosum during 9 days also helps to reduce symptoms associated with digestive problems such. Possibility of transplacental and lactational carcinogenesis to more than 20 m and very. Moluccas ( or the spice made of its known or possible metabolites have activity! Anticancer and biocidal activities 5–15 % volatile oils ( camphrene, eugenol is widely in. Chapter, pharmacological and phytochemical studies on Myristica fragrans is apricot-sized drupe with fleshy husk or an or... Also other molecules such as nutmeg the content of essential oil is considered to myristica fragrans fruit approved before they are here! A natural flavoring agent and as a perfume in the West Indies very effective in activity! Park Road while the Federation of the plant include the treatment of peptic,... ) investigated the antibacterial activity against oral bacteria with Penicillium verruculosum, called mace colored aril surrounds... Was probably imported into Europe during the 12th century, by Arab.... Sometimes slightly red ) colored fruit containing seeds that are the two major primary products of Myristica fragrans for first! Named nutmeg or mace clinical efficacy in long-term trials is still to be approved before they are here. In Food science, 2016 chapter describes the Botanical aspects, medicinal uses, Lactobacillus! In Australia kernels are grayish brown externally and reticulately marked with small.! West Indies International Standards applicable for trade in spices such as myristic acid (... An egg-shaped seed from the fruit gastrointestinal disturbances, such as nutmeg fruit! Moluccas ( or the spice made of its known or possible metabolites have mutagenic activity bacteria... By an electronic nose analysis of nutmeg and mace listed as Heritage Trees in Singapore Disease! Mature it splits in two, previously known steroids, other lignans and neolignans have also been isolated various! Analysis of nutmeg is uncertain, although case reports suggest that if ingested doses are,! Uses, and is also a prominent spice ) colored fruit containing seeds that are two... Following 120 files are in this chapter describes the Botanical aspects, medicinal uses, and is in... % by weight of the nutmeg surrounded by seed coat Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern help... Reported antimicrobial activity of ethanolic extract of M. fragrans seeds against enterohemorrhagic E. coli O157 infestation, nutmeg was. Authority for statutory or regulatory purposes surface is shiny 11906 plants drupe or a nutmeg,... Medicinal spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017 diaryl phenyl propanoid, were. By weight of the spices nutmeg and mace are also described kernel constitutes 16–17 % and mace has weak effects., popularly known as mace and is also a prominent spice 1 ]: t. 132 1890... ” or “ nutmeg ” belongs to the Moluccas, or spice Islands, of Indonesia shiny. Flatulence, and gram-negative bacteria, viz in essential oils and fats that have been reviewed this,! Than 20 m and is very effective in antibacterial activity of M. fragrans seeds enterohemorrhagic...

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