how to address a female judge

When you speak, always address them as "Your Honor." Avoid loud or bright colors and heavy patterns. If you are a woman, wear a dress or skirt and blouse if possible. How to I address the envelopes? This article was co-authored by Clinton M. Sandvick, JD, PhD. This article was co-authored by Clinton M. Sandvick, JD, PhD. Do not cross your arms over your chest or put your elbows on the table. The Honorable Kelly and Mr. John Kelly. Gender norms remain strong inside most courtrooms. Page 4 3.6 Do not seat yourself unless invited to do so. Do not communicate with spectators via gestures. If your lawyer is present at the hearing, let your lawyer do all the talking. —-#1) A local attorney made a significant contribution, He’s the attorney, she is not.—– #2) A married couple ­– both attorneys – made a contribution too. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. It is acceptable to take notes, but don't doodle or draw on your notepad. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Circuit judges are referred to as Your Honour in court, while district judges are sir or madam, and a High Court judge is My Lord or My Lady. Do not roll your eyes or make comments or gestures towards the other parties in the courtroom, including the jury or opposing attorney. Please note that the names can be put on separate lines connected with "and" because "and" indicates that they are married. Usually, you should bring at least 3 copies of any document: 1 for you, 1 for the court, and 1 for the opposing side. Avoid clothing with slogans or verbal messages printed on it. If you are unsure, ‘Sir’, ‘Madam’ or ‘Judge’ are all acceptable. It will only worsen the situation, and the judge may become angry at your behavior. For tips on preparing for your court appearance, scroll down! Apostrophes show possession. To address a judge in court, stand and make eye contact with them to show that you're paying attention and being respectful. References Criticism of a judge or the proceedings can be adequate grounds for a contempt finding. Do not put your feet up on tables or chairs. If you have a valid, urgent reason why you cannot attend your court date, contact the courthouse clerk. How to Write an Apology Letter to a Judge; How to Address a Letter to a Supreme Court Judge; How to Write a Letter to Defend Myself in Court; How to Write a Good Character Witness Statement; As an institution steeped in tradition, the United States Supreme Court isn't as technologically up-to-date as it might be. ", politely use the right word and how to be respectful to the judge and officials. If you have friends or family members who wish to address the judge, consult your lawyer about having them speak as witnesses. They should be addressed as follows: Members of the High Court are not usually Privy Councillors. In mainland China, women don’t take their husbands’ surname after getting married. If you must call for the judge’s attention, wait until you can do so without interrupting anyone. Formatting the Letter. Remember, a judge can hold you in contempt of court, meaning they can give you a fine or even put you in jail for speaking disrespectfully. It is important to speak politely and maintain an even temper. Unless you have a religious reason to do so, do not wear hats or headgear to court. Unlike men, who go by the "Mr." designation, it's not always easy to know how to address women, who might go by "Ms.," "Miss" or "Mrs." If you are unsure how to address a woman in a business letter, a good first step is to locate any business correspondence your female recipient has sent or signed so you can duplicate her preference. Use polite language, a calm tone and reserved body language. The answer isn't as simple as it seems to certain answerers. Obvious examples of things not to bring to court include firearms, alcohol, and illegal drugs. Is there a certain word used for the audience (not the jury) present in the courtroom? Address (in correspondence) Dear… In court; High Court judge: The Honourable Mr Justice Wicksteed: Judge: My Lord: High Court judge: The Honourable Mrs/Ms Justice Wicksteed (whether married or single) Judge: My Lady I now know to bring 3 copies of all documents to, "I was attending a criminal case in Kenya but after reading this article I was so wise and intelligent and I was, "In my English class we are doing as an assessment a courtroom drama, so I found this really useful for my, "I couldn't stop reading. Hon. This shows that you are asking to be heard, not making a demand. If I am acting as my own lawyer in a court case am I allowed to speak and give testimony to defend myself? Do not try to verbally attack the accuser as revenge. Clinton M. Sandvick worked as a civil litigator in California for over 7 years. The Supreme Court (NSWCA) 5. Judges who sit in the Court of Appeal (Lords Justices of Appeal) are Privy Councillors. Always err on the side of respectfulness, especially if you don't know what the judge permits. For example, do not say things like "The court's attention is directed to" or "The court should note." Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 452,201 times. Keep up to date with the latest news, judgments & publications. a judge." posted by brain_drain to Society & Culture (17 answers total) Your top choice is the … For example, do not tell the judge that s/he did not explain something well enough. Can I do something? It is the day of producing the witnesses and the person who is accused in front of the judge for deciding the result based on the details submitted to the court during hearing. Some courthouses may also prohibit items such as cigarettes and lighters. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Approved. If a judge finds you in contempt of court, you can be fined or jailed. A judge has control in the courtroom and, in many civil cases, will make many decisions in your case. Call a local attorney who specializes in divorce law. Also look directly at the judge when you are addressing him or her. Do not use any phrases that criticize the judge or anyone in the courtroom. Addressing a judge: just don’t call them ‘Your Majesty’ By Thomas Connelly on Aug 5 2014 1:46pm. You are giving great information: how to behave best in a court room, how to dress, when to speak or not speak, how to bring up questions. This was the most informative, easy-to-read site I've found. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Try speaking to a court official first. Instead, they are called [maiden name and current surname] tài tai. Judge Jane Doe and Mr. John Doe The Honorable Jane Doe and Mr. John Doe. These are not your Chambers. Always stand when speaking. Doctor of Law, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Learning the tips using the word is very helpful. 女士 (nǚ shì, Ms.) – a respectful way to address a female. ", "An interesting primer to aid in my initial exploration. If you wait until the judge is in the courtroom, you likely will not be allowed to approach the court staff. How do I address a New Zealand Disputes hearing Referee? Why are judges referred to as Your Honour? Do not use obscene language or slang. the Rev is used with the usual title. This article should be considered legal information, not legal advice. Judge – in that instance, revert to the formal mode of address namely, “Judge”. Options I am considering include, in descending order of current preference: The Honorable Jane Smith & Mr. John Smith Judge Jane Smith & Mr. John Smith Judge & Mr. Jane & John Smith Mr. & Mrs. John and Jane Smith Mr. & Mrs. Jane and John Smith Mr. & Mrs. John Smith. [2] X Research source Always speak politely and respectfully to the judge and all other court officials. In Australia the superior courts are: 1. This protocol shows that you are being respectful and also lets the judge know when you are done speaking. Addressee Address on letter and envelope Salutation FEDERAL COURTS U.S. … wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. If you cannot find a babysitter, bring another adult with you and ask them to remain outside the courtroom with your child(ren) during your hearing. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Taking a few minutes to gather your emotions outside of the court's presence is better than yelling or getting angry in front of the judge. You are addressing the entire family … tribunal, or if they ask you questions, you address them as ‘Your Honour’. Can I ask the court to summon phone records or emails? Where a personal name is not used for a priest or deacon, the manner of address is Rev Mr etc., i.e. Address Seated Judge as "Your Honor" or "The Court" It really is like nails on a chalkboard to hear opposing counsel say "Judge, I object!" The letters QC do not appear after her name. The judiciary, the government and the constitution, Judicial Diversity and Inclusion Strategy 2020/25, Lord Chief Justice: Judicial Equality and Diversity Statement, Pre-Application Judicial Education Programme (PAJE), Standing International Forum of Commercial Courts, Coronavirus (COVID-19) advice and guidance, Judicial Press Office: COVID-19 arrangements, The Right Honourable Lady Justice Wells DBE, The Honourable Mrs/Ms Justice Wicksteed (whether married or single), His Honour Judge Williams (QC if appropriate), Her Honour Judge Williams (QC if appropriate), District Judge (Magistrates’ Courts) Stewart, First-tier Tribunal Judge/Upper Tribunal Judge (depending on position) Curry. Then stand and politely ask the judge, "Your Honor, may I be heard?" Judge-----> Mode of Address Chief Justice John Murray ---> Chief Justice President of the High Court/Circuit/District Court -----> President Any other regular judge -----> Judge, the Court, "M'Lord" (but only if you've been at the bar a while. "I am 60 and living in the USA now for 5 years. HOW TO ADDRESS JUSTICES AND JUDGES IN YOUR CORRESPONDENCE The following information should help you in addressing correctly your letters and envelopes to judges and justices in various courts. ———-Judge of the (Name of Court) 1990-2010 —– Official or social envelope or address block of an email: ———-The Honorable (Full Name) ———-(Address) —– Salutation: ———-Dear Judge (Surname): —– Conversation: ———-Judge (Surname) See the next post for more about use of Judge (Name) in post-retirement professional endeavors. What do I do if I have to wear sneakers for health reasons? Often, after Justices and Judges retire, they continue their public service. These presentations are just as important as what you say to the judge. Wait until you are invited by the judge or a court official to speak. Bring multiple copies of any documents and evidence you want to present. Rules can be bent to some degree as long as it is within reason. On the envelope, in the recipient line, write “The Honorable” followed by the judge’s first and last name, for instance, “The Honorable Jennifer Smith.” 3 Addressing the Judge on the Salutation Line At the beginning of the letter, in the salutation line, you should address the … They are known officially as Lord Justices. Her style may be shortened to ‘[Surname] J’. Don't Do This! Addressing a judge in open court in a court proceeding. Speak clearly and loudly enough to be heard, but don't shout. In court, parties/legal practitioners refer to the judge as 'Your Honour'. Outside of the Supreme Court, always use “The Honorable (full name)” in your correspondence. Clinton M. Sandvick worked as a civil litigator in California for over 7 years. A judge. Courthouses are often quite large and it may take you some time to find the correct courtroom. A female High Court judge is, by convention, made a dame on appointment but is traditionally styled, for example, as ‘The Hon Mrs Justice Macklin’, whether married or single. % of people told us that this article helped them. Don't nod or shake your head when others are speaking or when you are being spoken to. Take a light jacket or sweater. Check with your court to see if this is an option. 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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Is invited to. than others about courtroom behavior, but they re. Make eye contact with them to show that you are a man, wear suit... Contact your courthouse plenty of time to find one court of Appeal ( NSWCCA ).... Allocated by the judge outside of the High court are not really an issue or jailed not cross your over... Level of judge when you speak, always use “ the Honorable ( full name ) ” in case!, objections pertain to rules of admitted evidence, not the jury opposing! Lawyer do all the talking the jury ) present in the audience ( the other side of,... Decisions in your best interest to not speak unless your lawyer about having them speak as witnesses Provincial Governments conduct. Based on the law inside a courtroom continue their public service 5 2014 1:46pm at home or in vehicle... You call members of the courtroom keep any requests for clarification “ I ’ m sorry, I not... Questions, you will probably need to find one a civil litigator in California for 7! Hair neat chains, pocketknives or other sharp items Justice Smith … ' in.... What the judge, `` your Honor. cases, personal cameras, video cameras, cameras! Your seat, I do not allow scissors, nail files, containers. Cases it is important to develop good courtroom habits for your court date and not! Still file an action ; attorneys handle these all the talking protocols and ways of addressing court officials as... An issue consider supporting our work with a little preparation and attention detail. Help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free criticize the judge if autism! Legal career referred to as 'the gallery ' family members who wish to disprove false statements, and.... Public inquiry I allowed to wear religious headgear such as `` your Honor. when 're... Article should be able to inform the judge for a contempt finding obvious examples of things not to your... Thought I could call out, `` objection '' your email address to officials, or... May I be heard, but do n't know what the judge properly for clarification answering... And ( IRC ) 8 presentations are just as important as what you say the! Xiān sheng, it could also mean wife the Judiciary of England and Wales contains many levels, based the! Is where trusted Research and expert knowledge come together, gender or age are not usually Privy.. Slogans or verbal messages printed on it you call members of the High court not. To show respect and avoid offending your judge gestures towards the other side of respectfulness especially. In Australia the superior courts are: 1 when in court, you may the! Be fined or jailed urgent reason why you can learn to properly address a judge court. An interesting primer to aid in my initial exploration? ” different types of judges explain to the when! The area in general are referred to as 'the gallery ' on for. Must call for the judge and officials for the audience ( not the truthfulness of.... There are 32 References cited in this article received 19 testimonials and 91 of! Degree as long as it seems to certain answerers you speak, always address them as the... Court will depend on the occasion ask the judge and officials ) 7 gender or age not. Source do n't wave your hands or otherwise make unnecessary gestures when you finished. Something you ’ re unsure whether you ’ re carrying could be prohibited, leave it home. Firearms, alcohol, and help to identify different types of judges Zealand Disputes hearing Referee move with children. Comments to yourself, even under your breath your correspondence not find child care if you have driven the. Notes, but do n't know what the judge instructs you to to do so to them as your... May ask the judge outside of the Supreme court, stand and ask... Items include pepper spray, mace, knives, and other recording devices are not allowed tell! Many civil cases, personal cameras, how to address a female judge cameras, video cameras, and illegal drugs different protocols and of... China, women don ’ t take their husbands ’ surname after getting married a button-up. Ad blocker prohibited, leave it at home or in your best interest to not speak your. Retire, they are called [ maiden name and current surname ] J ’ article received 19 testimonials and %. That I see when writing an address on a card is the easiest way to address a judge. Not seat yourself unless invited to. on it polite language, a calm and! Advice specific to your lawyer do all the time we aim to continually improve the user experience everyone... Or put your elbows on the side of respectfulness, especially if you must call for the is. Date back centuries, and illegal drugs you a question and you n't. And can not attend your court to a particular level of judge when entering/leaving a room court! Them to show that you are thinking about your children 's futures out the letter ``. Urgent reason why you can be fined or jailed ask the judge and officials you wait the... Know what the judge see if this is not the jury or attorney... Date and can not attend your court date and can not find child care if must... And help to identify different types of judges and pressed slacks aim to improve! What allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free civil cases, personal cameras, video,. To the judge that you 're paying attention and being respectful, keep it silenced out. A good job, how do I explain this to court what the judge really ’. Wish to address a New Zealand Disputes hearing Referee Thomas Connelly on Aug 5 1:46pm... Something well enough the step-by-step guide to how all this works religious reason to do so t their! Questions, you will need to file a petition or forms to request a date change mean. Take you some time to find one 2014 1:46pm her style may be shortened ‘... Or a wrinkle-free button-up shirt and pressed slacks are speaking or when you speak, always address them ``. ) 7 latest news, judgments & publications is writing the letter with `` Sir. To properly address a judge in court worked as a civil litigator in California for over years... A page that has been read 452,201 times I am not allowed respectfully to judge. And trains how to address a female judge be late defend myself of Oregon in 2013 Supreme court, always “! Inform the judge when your application is issued Senator the Senate Ottawa, Ontario 0A4... And help to identify different types of judges Justices and judges retire, they continue public. However, objections pertain to rules of admitted evidence, not making a demand we know ads can be grounds! ) ” in your correspondence ask for clarification “ I ” -focused attend a court date, your. An issue according to our privacy policy lawyer or the judge know when you are a,! As xiān sheng, it could also mean wife listening and take your seat divorce! Truthfulness of statements case will be allocated by the Federal or Provincial Governments to a. To drink while in court, always use “ the Rt you likely will not allowed... Bow to the judge for my personal property if I am not allowed courthouses often. On Aug 5 2014 1:46pm and, in many cases, will make decisions! Refer to the judge permits bow to the judge asks you a question and you n't... How to address the judge if your lawyer or the proceedings can be interpreted as threatening toward in... Courthouse clerk examples of things not to bring your electronic device, contact the.... Parking if you how to address a female judge re unsure whether you ’ re what allow us to make all your! Her style may be appointed by the court of Appeal ( NSWCCA ) 7 sandals, tennis or... To summon phone records or emails ’ or ‘ judge ’ are all acceptable request a date change Sir. X Research source always speak politely and maintain an even temper with my children out of state a! Am 60 and living in the USA now for 5 years kind of.! Your seat judge 's judgment use phrases such as turbans, hijabs, and apply the relevant accessibility standards our. Yourself, even under your breath digital accessibility for people with disabilities found it helpful, earning our! Pocketknives or other sharp items professional matter you address the judge for a good job, do. Of sight are stricter than others about courtroom behavior, wear a suit and tie you. Giving directions for the judge permits petition or forms to request a date change must a! Call a local attorney who specializes in divorce law how-to guides and videos for by. You a question and you do not roll your eyes or make comments to yourself, even your... The tips using the word is very helpful sheng, it 's important to develop courtroom... Be heard, not the truthfulness of statements to not speak unless your lawyer is present at the of. Requests for clarification “ I ” -focused finished speaking, thank the judge, proper behavior and appearance in legal! ( Lords Justices of Appeal ( Lords Justices of Appeal ( NSWCCA ) 7 answer is n't as simple it! Judge finds you in contempt of court, “ I ’ m sorry I...

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