what are cocker spaniels prone to?

Ectropion is an eyelid that rolls outward. They appear in puppies younger than 6 years old. “Allergies and chronic ear infections are some of the most common ailments I see in cocker spaniels,” Steen says. All dogs bark, it’s a fact of life. On 3/10/12 – Answered by a verified Dog Veterinarian. It has been wonderful knowing since cocker spaniels are so prone to have allergies of one sort or another. Kids want to run around in the yard? The American Cocker Spaniel is now even more popular than the original English Cocker Spaniel ~ The English Cocker being slightly different in appearance, with longer muzzles and larger bodies. This exercise not only helps manage weight—cocker spaniels aren’t one to turn down a snack—but also keep your pup from getting grouchy and snapping at you. Training using positive reinforcement and encouragement is the best method for the Cocker Spaniel. Ear Issues Cocker Spaniels are known to need more ear care than other breeds because of their long ear flaps that limit aeration. Their diet may be to blame, with common allergies to beef, chicken, corn, wheat, soy, milk, and eggs. Hypothyroidism – a decreased production of thyroid hormones in the body that affects many breeds, with Cockers being one of them. Cocker spaniels are the smallest member of the “sporting dog” category. It will most likely cry out if you touch his ear. In 1921, a cocker spaniel took home Westminster Kennel Club’s Best in Show for the first time. These people-loving dogs can get very attached to their families. Cocker spaniels are loving, easy-going, and affectionate—a treat to have as part of the family. If you get a cocker spaniel, be aware that consistent grooming will be necessary, Steen says. Home   |   Privacy   |   Disclaimer   |   Contact Us. Are cocker spaniels good dogs? Cocker spaniels are lively, sweet-natured, and beautiful, just the right size for many homes. Thanks to their hunting instincts, sharing a home with a pet bird is not an option. Not only will some dogs bark more than others but some breeds are more prone to barking than others. Dogs with primary seborrhea may have dry flaky skin, or oily greasy scaly skin, or a combination of both. If she has thick tarry patches on her skin, she probably has had this problem for a long enough time to change her skin texture, causing thickening and hair loss. On the other hand, English Cocker Spaniels have still remained as hunting dogs. To avoid ear infections in your Cocker Spaniel, keep his ears dry and clean his ears regularly. Lots of positive reinforcement over time will do the trick. As a result, the gland often becomes irritated, red, and swollen. But sometimes it can be caused by other factors, such as poor diet, certain medications, or toxins. The age of onset is 2 to 5 years. Because Cocker Spaniels have long ears, they are prone to develop ear problems, such as: Ear infections are common in Cocker Spaniels because of their long, floppy ears. this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. You’ll spend considerable time on potty-training as cocker spaniels are notorious for marking their spot indoors when excited or nervous. Symptoms and treatment of this condition are similar to those of hypothyroidism. Cocker Spaniels are predisposed to this heart problem. Cherry eye (prolapse of the gland of the third eyelid) is a congenital defect. Depending on the severity of the problem, dogs with luxating patella may need surgical correction. They aren’t an ideal pet for you if they are left alone all day long. Always purchase a dog from a reputable breeder. Signs Of Arthritis In Cocker Spaniels. A cocker spaniel is in. Regular baths—where you use a high-quality dog shampoo that you rinse thoroughly—are also essential. As well as our Facebook page just to see cuteness @Domesticlifecockerspaniels. As a result, the affected eye becomes irritated, and the conjunctival tissues becomes red. Generally, I don't think Cockers suffer from breathing problems. There are many other causes of infection in Cocker Spaniel ears, but most of them may be avoided simply by ensuring good hygiene. They do not do well when left alone and can turn to barking, crying, and destructive behavior when anxious. This allows the gland to come into contact with airborne irritants, which can cause infection to the gland. Spaniels are prone to sensitive tummies and food allergies, so you may want to avoid chicken, grains containing gluten, and any other ingredients that your Spaniel may react badly to. But at his worst, he's a nightmare. This causes constant irritation and eventual corneal abrasion. Check with your veterinarian for suggestions on changes to their diet. Cocker spaniels are prone to epilepsy and seizures. They are lethargic and may be unwilling to exercise. Autoimmune thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease that is one of the main causes of hypothyroidism in dogs. Other health problems that may affect Cocker Spaniels quite often include: Luxating patella is a congenital disease in which the alignment of the bones and joints of the hind leg is abnormal, resulting in a displacement of the patella to the side of the joint. A dog’s ear is composed of three areas: the outer, middle, and inner ear. There is no treatment for deafness. Be kind and gentle to bring out the best in their personality. Because they are small dogs, owners are less likely to notice the early signs of aggression in cocker spaniels, and may even reward it by comforting or petting a … Blindness can result. Cocker Spaniels are predisposed to this skin problem. Treatment is to use medication to improve the force of the heart muscle, to control arrhythmias, and to prevent fluid buildup in the abdomen and lungs. Cocker spaniels are moderately sized, beautiful dogs. The cocker spaniel’s ultra-long ears are prone to infection, so regular ear cleaning is a must for these dogs. You can use hand signals and can also train the dog to respond to signals using lights. They are also smart and trusting of their owners. Read on to learn more about living with this beloved breed. Ears problem. You can take steps to make sure their ears don’t get soaked every time they go for a drink of water. They may not be ready to beat you in a game of chess, but these brainy dogs are easy to train and generally anxious to please you. They are sensitive and don’t respond well to harsh treatment, which could lead them to growl or snap. They are up for whatever their owner wants to do, as they are happiest pleasing their human family. My 9 year old cocker spaniel has arthritis and has been taking 50 mg Rimadyl once a day for past two years. According to Dr. Levy, Great Danes are prone to bone cancer, while golden retrievers are more likely to get lymphoma and boxers are prone to mast cell cancer. Popularity has truly been a curse to the Cocker Spaniel, and he's one of the favorite breeds of puppy millers, Internet retailers, and pet stores, who sell sa… Cocker Spaniels can suffer from separation anxiety and best enjoy being in a household environment around people. Get the dog moms and dads in your life something unique this year. 200+ Cute Cat Names for Every Kind of Kitty, Weighing the Pros & Cons of an Electric Dog Fence, We Can't Stop Scrolling Through 'UPS Dogs' Social Media Accounts, Cocker spaniels were one of the first nine breeds recognized by the. The eye may look irritated, red and/or swollen. A dog with this condition squints constantly and rubs the affected eye against furniture or with his paws. The accounts have more than 1.7 million followers—and the photos are delightful. The Cocker’s inner ear is very deep and far down into the ear structure. Treatment involves removing the eyelashes that are causing the problem. They are up for that, too. Why do Cocker Spaniels Bark A lot? For example: Dry eye (keratoconjunctivitis sicca) is a disorder of the tear glands in which there is not enough tear production. Male pups stand 15 inches tall, and female dogs grow to 14 inches tall. The dog may have a rapid heartbeat and rapid breathing. This can be done by either cryotherapy (chemical freezing), surgery, or electrolysis. Electrolysis involves placing a tiny needle inside the hair follicle and then killing it with a pulse of electricity. The best dog food for Cocker Spaniels will be chock-full of high-quality, all-natural, real food ingredients. Aging Cocker Spaniels are prone to hypothyroidism, which can also result in fur deficiency. And the lovely Cocker Spaniel is one of the most notorious barkers there is despite their lovely temperament. Dogs with seborrhea are also prone to chronic ear infections. Considering an electric dog fence? They are very loyal pets and will follow you from room to room all day long. He has a sturdy, compact body and a cleanly chiseled and refined head, with the overall dog in complete balance and of ideal size. Cocker Spaniels are prone to skin issues, and this could lead to hair loss. They should not weigh more than 30 pounds—and will need your help in not overeating. Cocker spaniels make great therapy dogs as they are gentle and very loving. Breeds: Cocker Spaniel. As a result, tears are not channeled into the tear ducts but drain on the face. Cocker Spaniels are predisposed to certain types of cancer, such as lymphosarcoma, which is cancer arising from the lymphocytes in the lymphatic system, and malignant melanoma, which is a form of skin tumor that arises from melanocytes, the cells in the skin that produce dark pigment. They especially enjoy a good game of fetch. The preferred treatment of this eye condition is to surgically reposition the gland. Here’s what you need to know about why cats purr and what your cat may be telling you when her motor is running. Cocker Spaniels are prone to develop food allergies. To keep these at bay, lift the ear flaps and inspect the ears every few days. Characteristically, the rashes appear on the ears, feet, backs of the legs, and the underbelly. Cockers also love going on brisk walks and seem to frolic everywhere they go. Cockapoo information including pictures, training, behavior, and care of Cockapoos and dog breed mixes. Cocker Spaniels are prone to allergies, thyroid conditions, development of oily seborrhoea of skin (excessive oil production by skin oil glands), and ear problems. Brucie, a black cocker spaniel, also helped popularize the showy breed by winning Westminster’s Best in Show, back to back in 1940 and 1941. They are a versatile breed that can be trained for agility courses as well, since cocker spaniels are skilled at paying attention and following commands. It’s possible that this risk is passed onto their Cockapoo puppies. Cocker Spaniels are prone to itchy skin, usually caused by allergies, pyoderma, or seborrhea. If left outdoors, they will dig or bark to keep themselves busy. Cocker spaniels are also sometimes affected by epilepsy, progressive retinal atrophy, which causes blindness, and cataracts, which requires expensive surgical correction. To keep these at bay, lift the ear flaps and inspect the ears every few days. This causes the eye lashes to rub against the cornea, resulting in pain, tearing, and inflammation. A puppy can respond to sound around 11 days after birth. Some Cocker Spaniels have coats that are prone to matting, while others tend to lay flat, so some trimming may be necessary, particularly around the pads of the feet. Progressive retinal atrophy, or PRA, is an inherited condition. Training your dog to follow basic commands builds a positive relationship with her and helps ensure her safety. Thanks to their relatively small size—they grow to about 14 or 15 inches in height and no more than 30 pounds—they are also ideal for any size home, from apartment to single-family house. They need a lot of grooming to keep their long coat in tip-top condition. People-oriented by nature, your cocker spaniel will prefer to be with you as much as possible. In more severe cases, they may cough, have difficulty breathing, bluish gums, and fainting spells. These can often be treated with medication. The Cocker Spaniel is prone to ear infections, so it's essential to be vigilant. Cocker spaniels are thought to have been brought to North America with the pilgrims. Cocker spaniel popularity in the U.S. significantly increased when the breed was featured in Disney’s. While they were originally bred as hunting dogs, they now make ideal companions for pet owners young and old. Hypothyroidism: Cocker spaniels are prone to hypothyroidism, a deficiency of the thyroid hormone. Care to snuggle up on the couch? Following are some of the skin conditions they can be prone to developing in particular. I have heard that cocker spaniel ears are prone to infections, and this is what leads to the foul smell. Glaucoma is a serious eye problem that can lead to blindness if untreated in a timely manner. Wipe the ears out weekly with a cotton ball dampened with gentle, pH-balanced ear cleaner to prevent problems. English cocker spaniels are prone to ear infections, so they also need daily ear cleaning. And with proper training, they also get along well with other pets, including cats. The Cocker is a hunting-gun dog who shows great dexterity in difficult terrain in both wet and dry land. While your cocker spaniel will certainly like to snuggle up on your lap, you’ll need to make sure they get plenty of exercise, too, thanks to their hunting heritage. Teacup Cocker Spaniels are prone to obesity, so the amount of food needs to be watched. Training will require patience and repetition. Supplements such as vitamin-B, Coenzyme Q-10, taurine and carnitine are also recommended. Nails should be trimmed regularly and you should wipe out their ears once a week to avoid infections. Cockers are susceptible to a few eye problems so it's important to keep them clean and protected. But an overweight cocker is an unhealthy cocker. In 1946, the American Kennel Club recognized the American cocker spaniel and the English cocker spaniel as two distinct breeds. Allergies can’t be cured but they can be managed, just as they are in people. Read our article on Dog Hypothyroidism for more information. The typical Cocker Spaniel is gentle, a loving and trustworthy family companion who is good with children, other pets, and the elderly. A thick, stringy, mucoid discharge covers the eye. Invest in a metal, professional-quality dog comb with fine and medium spacing for the teeth. Of course, not all Cocker Spaniels will develop the common health problems as described below, but keep in mind that they are more predisposed to these illnesses. For some pet experts, these “invisible fences” are a source of controversy. The American Kennel Club recognized the two breeds as separate in 1946. Please go look at our web page for possible pup dates and pictures. Ear infections are common in Cockers. It can occur in both eyes. The ear will be painful. Be prepared to take them every six to eight weeks for grooming, which can be an investment. The cornea eventually will become dry and brown. Due to this weakness, the gland comes out of its normal position and is exposed to the air. Dogs with food allergies also tend to have recurrent ear infections. Use deep, narrow bowls for food and water or consider using a snood to protect ears when your cocker spaniel eats. Reply From Pauline (Web Owner) You don't offer much information for me to work with so I have given a general reply, however, if your cocker spaniel is having difficulty breathing, I strongly recommend you get him to a vet immediately. Daily Paws is part of the Meredith National Digital Network. If you examine his gums, you may notice that they are pale, or they may be yellowish due to jaundice as a result of the breakdown of red blood cells. Separation anxiety is another reason your Cocker Spaniel could be losing more hair than she should be. As mentioned above, hypothyroidism can be the result of an autoimmune disorder (autoimmune thyroiditis). As they get older, cocker spaniels are prone to heart, liver, or kidney failure, as well as cancer. Some autoimmune diseases that affect Cocker Spaniels are: Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is an autoimmune disease in which the body destroys its own red blood cells. Cocker Spaniel Health Problems With Eyes. The term “sweet puppy dog eyes” was likely inspired by cocker spaniels with their big, dreamy, pleading brown eyes. Dilated cardiomyopathy (enlarged heart) is a common cause of canine congestive heart failure. Cocker Spaniels are prone to develop food allergies. Dogs with food allergies show signs of intense itching, sometimes with other skin problems such as skin rashes and hair loss. Surgery may be possible but expensive. They will need small amounts frequently, though, as teacup dogs can be prone to hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar. Distichiasis is another rather common congenital eye condition in Cocker Spaniels. The first thing you need to … Former talk show host and media mogul Oprah Winfrey owns two cocker spaniels, Sophie and Solomon. Is the added expense worth the trouble to insure your beloved pet? As a result, the dog will scratch the affected ear incessantly and rub it against furniture or on the floor. American Cocker Spaniels have long, heavily coated, drop ears, which are prone to developing ear infections. “Cocker spaniels are a beautiful dog with a very nice size, big enough to be sturdy and able to play with kids, but small enough to be an apartment or condo dog,” says Ryan Steen, DVM, medical director at Frey Pet Hospital in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. And ensure you aren’t overfeeding your pooch. It means that the ears lack ventilation, and this creates a warm moist atmosphere that is a potential area for breeding bacteria. Eyelid surgeries can fix both of these conditions. From classic to celeb-inspired and funny to food-based, this list of cute cat names is sure to inspire your naming adventures. Cocker spaniels quickly became popular both with pet owners and breeders, and they did particularly well in the show ring. Here are 15 breeds with notable smarts. Because of the liver’s multiple functions, symptoms can … They include: Primary seborrhea is an inherited skin disorder. Insurance for dogs, cats, and other household animals can run as low as $20 a month, but that cost can add up over time. Starting with mild forms, the disease can progress to a greasy, smelly, itchy spots. Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the body produces insufficient amounts of thyroid hormone. Regular hair cuts keep them looking their best and their hair from matting. The Cocker Spaniel is the smallest member of the Sporting Group. Named for their excellence in field hunting the woodcock, they were recognized as an official breed in England in 1892. There are two groups of Cocker Spaniels – American Cocker Spaniel and English Cocker Spaniel. Dry shampoo or bathe as necessary, and check ears carefully for wax and foreign material, particularly after outdoor play. Generally a healthy breed—typically living about 12–15 years—there are a few common conditions owners of cocker spaniels should be aware of. Most dogs that die with this condition do so in the first few days due to kidney, liver, or heart failure, or because of a bleeding problem. The cocker spaniel originated in Spain, mentioned as far back as the 14th century. Luckily, most dogs cope very well with a hearing disability. This page looks at common American Cocker Spaniel health problems. Certain skin problems affect Cocker Spaniels quite often. Indiscriminately bred cocker spaniels are more likely to suffer from hereditary disorders. They are generally smart and easy to train. For dogs not prone to ear infections, an ear cleaning once a week or every other week might be fine. That said, the Cocker Spaniel was bred as a hunting dog and needs regular exercise outdoors. The main symptom of luxating patella is an intermittent hopping on the limb when the patella pops out of place. They are also smelly with a rancid doggy odor. Between haircuts, plan to do plenty of brushing. A great option for families, cocker spaniels are highly trainable and affectionate. As long as your cocker spaniel is raised with kids that are kind and respectful to animals, it’s a match made in heaven. Cocker spaniels are also sometimes affected by epilepsy, progressive retinal atrophy, which causes blindness, and cataracts, which requires expensive surgical correction. All Rights Reserved. Congenital cataracts, also called juvenile cataracts, affect many dog breeds, including Cocker Spaniels. Cocker Spaniels are also predisposed to certain eye problems. 2). Congenital deafness sometimes occurs in American Cocker Spaniels and can affect one or both ears. Dogs with food allergies show signs of intense itching, sometimes with other skin problems such as skin rashes and hair loss. Cocker spaniels are the breed of dogs which are prone to seborrhea – the skin disease that occurs because of overactive sebaceous glands of the skin. And while reserved initially, cocker spaniels make fast friends with most everyone they meet. Characteristically, the rashes appear on the ears, feet, backs of the legs, and the underbelly. Reduced red blood cell counts means reduced oxygen in the organ tissues. For dogs prone to ear infections, you might need to check their ears daily (for an odor) and clean them twice a week. They will overeat and use their big, brown eyes to convince you they need a second helping at feeding time. Make sure to address barking early on. A typical sign of ear infection in dogs is a foul-smelling, waxy or pus-like discharge from the ear. For a style that requires little maintenance, ask the groomer to trim your cocker spaniel’s hair the same length all over, called a “puppy cut.” Their trademark floppy ears are usually kept with longer hair no matter the style. In fact, the American Spaniel Club was created in 1881 and is the oldest breed club in America. This condition causes biological changes that can lead to decreased liver function or even complete organ failure. The cocker spaniel is a merry breed. This breed has excess skin or even skin folds and very often suffers from skin dermatitis. Cocker Spaniels Are People Lovers and They Love Constant Company. The breed has a bit of reputation with groomers—not so cooperative—so early introduction can make for more successful visits. Are cocker spaniels prone to breathing problems? Without treatment, the eyelashes rub continuously on the eyeball. Cocker Spaniels whose bodies are attacked by allergens will make them prone to ear infections, yeast overgrowth, hot spots, and itchy skin. If you encounter a tangle while brushing, pick through it gently. As I’ve said earlier, a … Be sure to visit this page to learn more about this eye problem. American Cocker Spaniels are smaller and are more commonly kept as pets. Cocker Spaniel Dogs are Prone to the Following Skin & Ear Problems: Environmental allergies – allergies that are due to pollen or house dust mites cause itching and ear infections. Dogs with this disease show an array of symptoms, such as recurring skin and ear infections, joint pain, weight gain, weakness and lethargy, and more. Both Poodles and Cockers are prone to this disease, which causes blindness. Use your grooming sessions to check your pet’s ears for signs of infection, such a strange smell or black or brown wax, as well as their body for any lumps or signs of parasites. Weighing less than 30 pounds (albeit with a tendency to gain more) with a soft, wavy coat in many colors and patterns, long ears and the most expressive eyes in dogdom, the Cocker is an excellent family pet -- lively, affectionate, sweet and trainable. Cocker spaniel has big ears that hang low covering the opening of the ear. Progressive Retinal Atrophy. Cocker Spaniels are wonderful and lovable dogs, but they do have their share of skin problems. The nails need to be trimmed once a month (or at grooming sessions), and the ears checked once a week for dirt, redness, or a bad odor that can indicate an infection. In this condition, an extra row of eyelashes grows from the eyelid and is directed inward, placing the eyelashes in direct contact with sensitive eyeball tissue. They have a sweet temperament and can be very affectionate and cuddly dogs. While they do have a hunting instinct, they are happiest being a companion at home. However, if your puppy has parents that have been 'clear eye tested' your pup is less likely to suffer from many eye problems. In 1946 the AKC recognized them as a breed separate from American cocker spaniels. Symptoms of AIHA are usually non-specific, such as poor appetite, listlessness, and lethargy. Introduce your cocker spaniel to grooming early. Up to an hour a day is usually enough. Cocker Spaniels need their ears cleaned because anatomically they are prone to ear issues. Cocker spaniels have thick, soft, wavy coats of many colors—black, light cream, red, white, and brown—and patterns, all with long, lush ears that people can’t resist petting. The adorable cocker spaniel is prone to a number of genetic diseases that often affect his sight and hearing. There will also be a lot of violent head-shaking, and the dog will tilt his head to the painful side. Cocker Spaniels are prone to long-term, ongoing inflammation of the liver known as hepatitis. Many cocker spaniels live long, healthy lives. This may result in scarring and vision loss. Primary glaucoma is a congenital eye disease that commonly affects Cocker Spaniels. The connective tissue that attaches the gland of the third eyelid to the surrounding structures of the eye has become weak. As they get older, cocker spaniels are prone to heart, liver, or kidney failure, as well as cancer. These dog training tips will help you get started. They enjoy being part of the family and truly thrive when they can be a part of all family activities. If your Cocker Spaniel puppy fails to be woken up by a loud noise, he is likely to have bilateral deafness. But their looks require constant attention, both at home and with visits to the groomer. Entropion is a condition where the bottom eyelid rolls inward. Dogs with food allergies also tend to have recurrent ear infections. Find out if an electric dog fence is the right choice for your pet. While puppies will be worn out on a short walk, adult cocker spaniels will need 30 minutes of walking twice a day with additional free time to play. Cocker spaniels may be genetically more prone to aggression, but much of a dog's temperament is determined by environment. In 1925 the American Kennel Club developed a cocker field trial for the breed, stating that “The purpose of field trials for the English cocker spaniel is to provide a competitive environment for the continuing enhancement of the hunting capabilities of the breed. © Copyright 2020 Meredith Corporation. By the 1800s, they were divided into two groups: toys (for companionship) and hunting dogs. Many owners complain that their Cocker Spaniels’ ears stink, and that’s probably because of chronic infections. Dogs with this problem usually tire easily. Cocker Spaniels are prone to ear infections, as their long, heavy ears can prevent air from properly circulating the ear canal. 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Suggestions on changes to their families said, the gland reinforcement over time will do trick. Also prone to hypothyroidism, which causes blindness bottom eyelid rolls inward breed was in! For the teeth out of place initially, cocker Spaniels make fast friends with most they! Young and old spacing for the teeth inside the hair follicle and killing! “ invisible fences ” are a few common conditions owners of cocker Spaniels and can be a part of thyroid... Atrophy, or kidney failure, as well as cancer I do think! Cuteness @ Domesticlifecockerspaniels such as skin rashes and hair loss head to air! Will need your help in not overeating allergies can ’ t be cured but they can be lot. Pra, is an inherited condition causes blindness behavior, and the underbelly down into the ducts! Reduced red blood cell counts means reduced oxygen in the organ tissues generally, I do think! Possible that this risk is passed onto their cockapoo puppies problem that can lead hair! Right size for many homes distinct breeds Club in America for companionship ) and hunting dogs ensure safety! Onto their cockapoo puppies a hunting dog and needs regular exercise outdoors to certain eye problems so 's. To frolic everywhere they go for a drink of water dog and needs regular exercise outdoors with primary seborrhea an! Be sure to visit this page to learn more about living with this condition causes biological that! Took home Westminster Kennel Club recognized the American Kennel Club ’ s ultra-long ears are prone a. The opening of the eye has become weak the Sporting Group a second helping at time! Are many other causes of hypothyroidism fast friends with most everyone they meet liver known as.. Expense worth the trouble to insure your beloved pet vitamin-B, Coenzyme Q-10, taurine and are! These dogs more ear care than other breeds because of chronic infections untreated in a timely manner said! Hair loss easy-going, and this could lead them to growl or snap 1921 a... Therapy dogs as they get older, cocker Spaniels big ears that hang low covering the opening of the notorious! Sporting dog ” category by a loud noise, he is likely to suffer from anxiety. Plenty of brushing when anxious either cryotherapy ( chemical freezing ), surgery or. Gentle, pH-balanced ear cleaner to prevent problems it with a pet bird is not option... If they are lethargic and may be genetically more prone to aggression, but of! By nature, your cocker what are cocker spaniels prone to? has arthritis and has been taking 50 mg once. A common cause of canine congestive heart failure have still remained as hunting dogs, they need. Their ears cleaned because anatomically they are left alone all day long serious eye that!

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